LPI Constitution

Constitution of Liberal Party of India

PREAMBLE

While Indian independence has meant freedom from foreign, has not resulted in real empowerment for the people at an individual level. Hence, it is essential for Indians to come together and bring about a transformation that brings real freedom to people at an individual level.

National potential needs to be unlocked, harnessed and made free of State inefficiencies. Functioning of the State and its decision-making process needs demystification and made transparent. Judicial processes need to be faster and predictable. The State must focus on governance, withdraw from business and leave the conduct of commerce to the people. As such, it needs to transfer its control ownership in commercial enterprises to the people.

There is also an immediate need in politics to resist the dilution in personal integrity, move away from a sectarian, community, caste and religion-based approach. Every citizen is first an Indian, with all other identities a poor second.

To facilitate economic prosperity, the above must be coupled with a lightly regulated free market approach. At the same time the existence of fairness and equal opportunity is paramount to all fulfilment of human potential and desire, as is the need for achieving social justice.

At an individual level, the right to freedom needs expansion and the right to have different views needs to be protected, including by those that might not agree with such views. In the same breath, the term “profit” needs greater legitimization and acceptance, though profiteering and creation of monopolies in business needs to be checked.

Specifically, individual freedoms would include:

  1. Bringing greater justice and fairness in society, creating equal opportunity and facilitating availability of each citizens basic human needs including food, clothing, housing, health and education; and
  2. Ensuring maximum freedom to each individual in thought, word and deed subject to generally accepted constitutional limitations.

It is with this vision that we, like-minded citizens of India, have decided to come together to launch a new liberal movement to unshackle and truly free the Indian citizen and for such purpose form a new political formation, i.e. the Liberal Party of India.

Article I – Name

The party shall be named as the “Liberal Party of India” (hereafter referred to as “LPI” or “Party”).

Article II – Objectives of the Party

The aims and objectives of the Party include the following:

  1. To bring a fundamental and transformative change in the manner India is governed and administered, her judicial, bureaucratic and police systems, commerce is conducted, citizen rights are dealt with, the environment is sustained, employment is generated and fairness in society implemented.
  2. To establish a new political culture which will place the citizen and individual citizen rights at the center of governance.
  3. To establish a people-centric democratic polity based on liberty, justice, fairness, individual happiness, empowerment of citizens, rule of law and self-correcting institutional mechanisms.
  4. To enhance integrity levels in politics, administration and governance, the bureaucracy, police and courts, to develop the economy, and protect our environment and harness Indian tradition and culture.
  5. To build a true meritocracy and focus on the idea of enhanced quality, ensure a level playing field by providing equal opportunities to all to best utilize their potential and to deliver real social justice.
  6. To ensure that every person, both young and old, male, female or otherwise, acquires adequate knowledge and skills to make themselves a productive partner in improving the happiness quotient, wealth creation, environmental regeneration, revival of traditional human and health practices and promote sustainable economic and human development.
  7. To bring focus onto and get the State to respond to the various citizen centric issues, including its Core Principles specified in Annex I hereto.

Article III. Membership of the Party

    1.  Any person may apply for membership of the Party (“Membership”) by submitting (i) an application and (ii) a declaration, in the forms specified by the Party from time to time, and (iii) payment of a non-refundable membership fee in accordance with Article III(7) below.
    2. All applications for membership shall be considered by the Concerned President (defined below in Article XIII), who might either approve or reject the same. Any person whose application for membership is approved by the Concerned President shall have their name registered in database maintained by the Party and become a member of the Party (“Member”) from such date.
    3. Membership in the Party shall, subject to Article III (4) below, be in the following categories:
        1. Ordinary Member – Membership of every person who becomes a Member shall last for a period of 5 years, after which it would have to be renewed for another term by payment of the Membership Fees applicable on the date of renewal. An Ordinary Member shall have the right to exercise his/her vote on internal Party matters in circumstances specified herein and to apply for Party tickets to contest any public election, but not to contest an internal election for Party offices/posts.
        2. Active Member(ship) – Every Ordinary Member who (i) enrolls a minimum of 10 new Members, or (ii) makes a financial contribution of an amount as determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, shall be an Active Member of the Party. In addition to the rights available to Ordinary Members, only Active Members will have the right to contest internally for any office/post of the Party.

      Every Active Member shall be obliged to participate in the activities of the Party on a regular basis and renew his/her Membership as required of an Ordinary Member. Any failure to do so could result in revocation of such persons Active Membership by the Concerned Executive Committee, upon which such person shall revert to being an Ordinary Member.

    4. The Party shall, by resolution passed in the National Council, have the power to modify Article 3 above and create other categories of, or modify existing Category(ies) of, Membership from time to time.
    5. Membership of the Party is open to any citizen of India, including any overseas citizen of India, who has attained the age of 18 years and who agrees in writing to abide by the Party’s Constitution and its Core Principles specified in Annex I, provided that such citizen:
      1. is not a member of any other political party registered with the Election Commission of India;
      2. is not a member of any organization whose views, policies or actions conflict with the objectives of the Party; and/or
      3. has not been convicted by a court of law for a crime where imprisonment of more than 6 months is provided for, excepting that the National President can for reasons to be recorded in writing decide against applicability of this disqualification to any person who applies for membership of the Party.
    6. Membership location –
      1. A person can become a Member either based on such person’s place of general residence or where such person carries on business (“Address”), and his/her Membership shall be registered with reference to such Address, but at one time a person shall not be a Member based on more than one Address.
      2. If any Member desires a change in Address, such Member shall provide written notice of such change to a Party official designated for such task by the National President, who shall record the change in address in the Party’s central database. The change of address shall be effective upon it being recorded in the Party’s central database.
    7. A Member shall pay a membership fee, including at the time of renewal of Membership, of Rs. 10/- or a higher fee if so determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time (“Membership Fees”).
    8. Cessation of Membership 
      A person shall cease to be a Member in the event of:
      1. death, resignation or having obtained Membership by making a false declaration;
      2. revocation, expulsion or removal in circumstances specified in this Constitution and in accordance with a procedure to be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time (which shall incorporate the principles of natural justice);
      3. if he/she is, becomes a member or otherwise joins any other registered political party; or
      4. on being convicted by a court of law for a crime where imprisonment of more than 6 months is provided, provided the National President can for reasons to be recorded in writing decide against cession of any person’s Membership on this count.
      5. Any cessation of or suspension from Membership shall be notified on the Party’s website, which shall amount to a sufficient notification in law to all Members and other concerned persons.

    9.  Suspension from Membership
      Prior to any move under Article III(8)(b) or (d), President of a Unit where the concerned Member has his/her Address, may suspend any Member’s membership pending a final decision.
    10. Database of Membership
      The Party shall maintain a central database of its Members, who shall be segregated as Ordinary Members and Active Members. This central database shall consist of Addresses and other relevant details of Members and be updated by the National Executive Committee on a monthly basis, to include any change in the status of a Member, address, registration of new Members, cessation or suspension of Members in accordance with this Constitution, etc. and in any event such updating shall occur reasonably prior to any internal election of the Party.
    11. The Concerned President and the Concerned Executive Committee for the purposes of this Article III and Article IV shall be in the reverse of that specified in Article XIII(8), i.e. from the local level to the National
      level.

Article IV – Organisational Structure

  1. The Party shall have the following multi-tier organizational structure comprising the following units:
    1. Primary Unit – At an electoral booth level.
    2. Local Body Unit – at the level of a local body, i.e. the village panchayat, municipal ward, city corporation division or at such other levels as the National Executive Committee may specify from time to time.
    3. Assembly Constituency Unit – At the level of a State Assembly constituency.
    4. Parliamentary Constituency Unit – At the level of a Parliamentary constituency.
    5. State Unit – At the level of a State (which term shall include a Union Territory); provided the National Executive Committee may bifurcate any unit in a State into more than one unit on geographical basis, in which case each bifurcated unit shall be a separate State Unit.
    6. National Unit – At the National level.
    7. Other Units – The National Executive Committee may from time to time constitute other units representing professionals, women, youth, students, teachers, farmers, industrial workers, and other categories as part of the above units or at such other levels as it finds appropriate.
    8. Any Unit of the Party, once formed, shall exist until such time that it is dissolved by the National Executive Committee. In the event of any reorganization/delimitation of any primary level, constituency or State by the Election Commission of India or other government body with necessary jurisdiction, the existing Units shall, notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, shall be dissolved and reconstituted by the National Executive Committee for the remaining term of the dissolved Unit, including by conducting fresh internal elections, within a period of six months of such reorganization/delimitation.

  2. Establishment and functions of each of the above Party Units shall be as per Article IV(3), Article IV(4), Article IV(5), Article IV(6), Article IV(7), Article IV(8) and Article IV(9) below.
  3. Primary Level

    A Primary Unit may be constituted at the level of each electoral booth. A Primary Unit shall be formed on the directions of the Concerned President Unit within which such electoral booth exists. The Primary Unit shall be constituted of all the Member(s) registered in that electoral booth area and shall function in accordance with Article IV(10)(J) below.
    Every Primary Unit so constituted shall have a Convener who shall be elected by the Electoral College in that Primary Unit, and where such Primary Unit has less than 3 Members, the Convener for the unit shall be appointed by the concerned State President.
    The Convener shall not have any specific powers, unless a power is specifically allocated to a Convener by the National Executive Committee. The shall generally coordinate functioning to the Party at the Primary level.

  4. Local Body Level

    A Local Body Unit may be constituted at a:

    (a) Ward level in a Municipality or Municipal Corporation (“Ward Sabha“); and

    (b) Village level (“Gram Sabha“).

    A Local Body Unit shall be constituted on the directions of the Concerned President within which the Local Body exists and shall be constituted of all the Members registered in that Unit. Members in a Local Body Unit shall meet atleast once in every three months.

    For organisational and administrative purposes, there shall be (i) a Local Body Executive Committee which shall be comprised of the office bearers in that Local Body Unit, and (ii) a Local Body Advisory Committee comprising of Conveners of each Primary Unit, Presidents of other Party Units constituted at that Local Body level and one Member appointed by the State Executive Committee. The Local Body Executive Committee and the Local Body Advisory Committee shall meet atleast once in every three months.

    In a Local Body Unit, there shall be a President and a General Secretary. These office bearers shall either be unanimously accepted or elected by the concerned Electoral College by majority vote. Either the President or the General Secretary shall preferably be female.

    Powers and duties of the President and the General Secretary are specified in Article XIII. In addition, functions of the office bearers shall be limited to that Local Body level and shall, in addition to the functions described in Article IV(10)(J) below, include organizing and coordinating the activities at the Local Body level and raising public issues affecting more than one Primary Unit within that Local Body area.

  5. Assembly Constituency Level

    An Assembly Constituency Unit may be constituted on the directions of the Conserned President within which the Assembly Constituency exists, and shall be constituted of all the Members registered in that Assembly Constituency. Members in an Assembly Constituency Unit and that of its Electoral College shall meet separately atleast once a year.

    For organisational and administrative purposes, there shall be (i) an Assembly Constituency Executive Committee which shall be comprised of the office bearers in that Assembly Constituency Unit, and (ii) an Assembly Constituency Advisory Committee comprising of Presidents of each Local Body Unit and other Party Units at that Assembly level and one Member appointed by the State Executive Committee. The Assembly Constituency Executive Committee and the Assembly Constituency Advisory Committee shall meet atleast once in every three months.

    In an Assembly Constituency Unit, there shall be a President and two, or such higher number as may be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, of General Secretaries and Secretaries. These office bearers shall either be unanimously accepted or elected by majority vote by the concerned Electoral College. 50% of the office bearers shall preferably be female.

    Powers and duties of the President, the General Secretaries and Secretaries are specified in Article XIII. In addition, functions of an Assembly Constituency Unit, which shall be limited to that Assembly Constituency Level, shall, in addition to the functions described in Article IV(10)(J) below, include organizing and coordinating the activities at the Assembly Constituency Level and raising public issues affecting more than one Local Body Unit within that Assembly Constituency.

  6. Parliamentary Constituency Level

    An Parliamentary Constituency Unit may be constituted on the directions of the Concerned President within which the Parliamentary Constituency exists, and shall be constituted of all the Members registered in that Parliamentary Constituency. Members in a Parliamentary Constituency Unit and those in its Electoral College shall meet separately atleast once a year.

    For organisational and administrative purposes, there shall be (i) a Parliamentary Constituency Executive Committee which shall be comprised of the office bearers in that Parliamentary Constituency Unit, and (ii) a Parliamentary Constituency Advisory Committee comprising of Presidents of each Assembly Constituency Unit and other Party Units at that Parliamentary level and one Member appointed by the National Executive Committee. The Parliamentary Constituency Executive Committee and the Parliamentary Constituency Advisory Committee shall meet atleast once in every three months.

    In a Parliamentary Constituency Unit, there shall be a President, a Vice-President, two, or such higher number as may be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, of General Secretaries and Secretaries. These office bearers shall either be unanimously accepted or elected by majority vote by the Electoral College for that Parliamentary Constituency Unit. 50% of the office bearers shall preferably be female.

    Powers and duties of the President, the General Secretaries and Secretaries are specified in Article XIII. In addition, functions of a Parliamentary Constituency Unit, which shall be limited to that Parliamentary Constituency Level, shall, in addition to the functions described in Article IV(10)(J) below, include organizing and coordinating the activities at the Parliamentary Constituency Level and shall raise public issues affecting more than one Assembly Constituency in that Parliamentary Constituency.

  7. State Level

    A State Unit may be constituted on the directions of the National President and shall be constituted of all the Members registered in that State. Members in a State Unit and those in its Electoral College shall meet separately atleast once in six months.

    For organisational and administrative purposes, there shall be (i) a State Executive Committee which shall be comprised of the office bearers in that State Unit, and (ii) a State Advisory Committee comprising of Presidents of each Parliamentary Constituency Unit and other Party Units at that State level and three Members appointed by the National Executive Committee. The State Executive Committee and the State Advisory Committee shall meet atleast once every three months.

    In a State Unit, there shall be a President, and two vice Presidents, two, or such higher number as may be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, General Secretaries and Secretaries. The office bearers in a State Unit shall either be unanimously accepted or elected by the Electoral College for that State Unit. 30% of the office bearers shall preferably be female.

    Powers and duties of the President, vice Presidents, the General Secretaries and Secretaries are specified in Article XIII. In addition, functions of a State Unit, which shall be limited to that State, shall, in addition to the functions described in Article IV(10)(J) below, include organising and coordinating the activities at the State level and shall raise public issues affecting more than one Parliamentary Constituency in that State.

  8. National Level

    From the time of its inception, the Party shall have one National Unit at an all India level, and shall be constituted of all registered Members of the Party. Members of the National Unit and those in its Electoral Collage shall meet separately atleast once a year.

    For organisational and administrative purposes, there shall be (i) a National Executive Committee which shall be comprised of the office bearers of the National Unit and the Mentor, and (ii) a National Advisory Committee comprising of Presidents of each State Unit and other Party Units at the National level and three Members appointed by the National Executive Committee from amongst the following:

    1. experts from such fields as they deem fit.
    2. eminent people from the country.
    3. members from disadvantaged sections of society.

    The National Executive Committee and the National Advisory Committee shall meet atleast once every six months.

    In the National Executive Committee, there shall be a President, five vice Presidents, eleven General Secretaries (with atleast one representing each of the North, East, West, South and central zones in India), one, or such higher number as may be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, Secretary for each State where the Party has constituted a State Unit and one joint Secretary to assist each Secretary. The office bearers in the National Unit shall either be unanimously accepted or elected by the National Electoral College and 30% of them shall preferably be female.

    Powers and duties of the President, vice Presidents, the General Secretaries, Secretaries and joint Secretaries are specified in Article XIII. Further, functions of the National Executive Committee shall in addition to the functions described in Article IV(10)(J) below, include:

    1. designating specific tasks and responsibilities to each of the Vice-Presidents and General Secretaries. These tasks and responsibilities shall include (i) treasury and financial responsibilities, (ii) human resource management, which will include performance review, grievance redressal and maintaining discipline, (iii) ideological responsibilities, (iv) growth and development of the Party including in one or more specific States, (v) internal training, (vi) infrastructure and support system management, (vii) media management, (viii) ensuring internal democracy at all levels, (ix) government relationships, etc.
    2. Execute decisions taken by the National Council.
    3. Organize and coordinate the activities of the party at the National Level and monitor and if needed supervise the activities of Party functionaries at various levels in the country.
    4. undertake all such activities as are needed to meet the objectives of the Party in the country and those related to public issues.
    5. maintain and keep accounts of the Party and ensure proper accounts are maintained at every level of the Party.
    6. constitute and or reconstitute any team or committee to implement decisions of the Party.
    7. appoint and or seek a recall of Treasurers of the Party at all levels.
    8. formulate rules and regulations under this Constitution and submit the same to the National Executive Committee for final approval.
    9. authorize any organ/committee/team to select and lay down procedure for the primaries meant for selection of candidates for elections to local bodies, State Assemblies or Parliament.
    10. have the authority to exercise all such powers conferred upon any organ/committee/authorities in the absence of existence of such organ/committee/authorities.
    11. suspend/dissolve any organ/ committee/ team or to remove any office bearer/Member of any organ/team/committee consistent with the provisions hereto.
  9. Other Units
    The National Executive Committee may constitute such other units within the Party as it may deem appropriate from time to time. Each other Unit of the Party shall have a President and one, or such higher number as may be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, Secretary(s) whose powers and duties shall be specified by the National Executive Committee whenever such Units are constituted. All such Units shall meet atleast once a year.
  10. General
    1. Some of the committees, in addition to those specifically mentioned herein, that may be formed by the National Executive Committee, which could be at different levels of the Party, include the Training Committee (to provide training to volunteers), Dispute Resolution & Disciplinary Committee (to resolve disputes between Members and enforce values and discipline), Transparency Committee (to ensure transparent functioning), etc.
    2. The National Executive Committee shall form separate legislative committees of Members elected to various legislative bodies such as State legislatures, local governments and Parliament may, which shall advise the Executive Committees at their respective levels.
    3. General Council
      General Council for any Unit shall be the general body all Members registered in that Unit and each General Council at every level shall meet at least once every calendar year and take decisions as per majority vote and which shall be binding on its Executive Committee.
    4. Executive Committees
      The Executive Committee at each level, shall be the executive and decision-making body at that level and it shall act as per majority vote.
    5. National Council
      There shall exist a National Council, comprising of Presidents of all Parliamentary Constituency Units, Presidents and General Secretaries of all State Units and office bearers at the National Executive Committee and it shall meet at least once in a calendar year. The National Council shall meet not less than once a year. The National Council’s meetings shall be convened by the National Executive Committee and it shall be entitled to discuss all Party issues and shall take decisions as per majority vote and its decisions shall be binding on the National Executive and the Party.
    6. National Consultative Group
      There shall exist a National Consultative Group, constituted from time to time and for such term as considered appropriate by the National Executive Committee. It shall be comprised of unelected senior Members of the Party, including the Mentor. The purpose of this body shall be to assist and advise the National Executive Committee on a regular basis.
    7. Policy Cum Ideology Leadership Committee
      This organ shall be constituted by the National Executive Committee, and may be disbanded and or reconstituted by the National Executive Committee from time to time. It shall:

      (a) Perform strategy formation tasks as assigned to it from time to time by the Party.

      (b) Deliberate and decide on any issue or action program to further the objective of the Party at the respective level.

      (c) After the strategy is agreed by consensus by this committee, it will have to take a further approval from the respective State and National leadership teams before execution.

    8. Functions of Units
      Functions of each Unit, which shall be limited to the concerned Unit level and unless otherwise added to, shall be to –

      (a) assist the people with finding solutions to their various problems and issues.

      (b) assist the Party with its membership and fund collection efforts.

      (c) maintaining a record of activities.

      (d) perform such tasks as assigned to it from time to time by Concerned Executive Committee.

      (e) deliberate and decide on any issue or action program to further the objectives of the Party.

      (f) form such teams as required and assign them such work as deemed fit.

Article V. General provisions for Office bearers & Other Office Bearers

1. Office bearers at each level of the Party

All office bearers of the Party, with the exception of members of the National Executive Committee, whether nominated, otherwise appointed or elected, including on account of an alternate nomination, appointment or election, shall take office only after formal acceptance and approval of the National Executive Committee.

In the event the National Executive Committee refuses to approve or expressly rejects any such nomination, appointment or election, such Member will not take office and appointment to such office shall once again become available for an alternate nomination, appointment or election. Any such decision to refuse or reject shall be subject to appeal with the National Grievances Committee, whose decision in the matter shall be final and binding on all concerned.

2. Mentor

The National Executive Committee may from time to time appoint one of its senior Active Members as a Mentor for the Party who shall hold office at the pleasure of the National Executive Committee. The Mentor shall provide general mentorship to the Party and its Members and shall have a vote in a meeting of the National Executive Committee.

3. Treasurers

The National Executive Committee shall appoint Treasure(s) of the Party for each State Unit and the National Unit, who shall perform such functions as specified herein.

4. Initial ad hock appointments — Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary,

(i) until the first internal election for the National Unit, which shall be conducted at the earliest and in any event not beyond a two years period of the coming into existence of the Party, and or

(ii) anytime thereafter if a new Unit of the Party is to be established,

interim office bearers, including on a provisional basis, of the Party at all its levels, including below the National Level, may be appointed by consensus amongst (i) until registration of the Party, the founding Members of the Party and (ii) after constitution of the Party, the National Executive Committee.

5. For this purpose, the founding members shall be those persons whose affidavits have been submitted by the Party at the time of its registration with the Election Commission of India.

6. It is clarified that for this initial period, (i) office bearers in accordance Article V(4) may be appointed even if Party Units below that level do not exist at the time of such appointment and (ii) the power to appoint under Article V(4) includes the power to remove for any reason whatsoever.

7. The National Executive Committee shall take all steps necessary to cause the first internal elections, at all levels of the Party that may have been constituted in such period, as early are reasonably feasible, and in any event within the initial two years period of the coming into existence of the Party.

Article VI – Rules of Dispute Resolution and Discipline

1. National Grievances Committee

There shall be a National Grievances Committee, comprised of 5 Members, who shall be appointed by members of the National Council by majority vote. This committee shall resolve all disputes, issues and grievances as specifically provided for in in this constitution and decide on all appeals made to it as provided herein. Decisions of the National Grievances Committee shall be final and binding on all Members and the Party.

2. In addition, the National Executive Committee may constitute Dispute Resolution & Disciplinary Committees as may be appropriate, which shall be responsible for resolving all other disputes, issues, conflicts and enforce values and discipline within the Party which is not designated for resolution by the National Grievances Committee.

3. In addition to the prescriptions in this constitutional document, further disciplinary procedures shall be adopted by the National Executive Committee from time to time.

4. At each level, excepting at the Primary Unit level, the Party shall designate one of its General Secretaries at such level to be responsible for maintenance of discipline and values of the Party as specified on the Party’s website.

5. All Members of the Party shall adhere to the Code of Conduct and other policies to maintain discipline within the Party, as may be decided by the National Executive Committee from time to time.

6. All proceedings under or referred to in this Article VI shall be commenced with the Party serving concerned Member(s) a 15 day notice in writing, which shall contain all relevant allegations and details and which notice shall also be published on the Party’s website. The concerned Member(s) shall have the right to provide a written response and be heard in response to such notice within the said 15 day notice period. The Party shall take a decision after expiry of this 15 day notice period.

7. Appeals

(a) Any Member whose Membership (i) status is sought to be reviewed including from Active to Ordinary, or revoked, expelled or removed or suspended in accordance with Article III(8) or (9) above, shall be given notice and have a right to be heard and (ii) shall have the right to appeal any such decision with the National Grievances Committee, whose decision in the matter shall be final and binding on all concerned.

(b) Appeals form any decision of any Dispute Resolution & Disciplinary Committees shall lie to the National Grievances Committee.

8. General principles of fairness in dealings and natural justice shall be followed in all proceedings under this Article VI.

Article VII – Basics of Rules of Conduct of Business, Elections, Decision

making process; Meetings – quorum, notice and decision

1. Rules around conduct of meetings, quorum, notices and other activities of the Party shall be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time. All decisions by the Party, its organs and its Units shall be by majority vote of Members present and voting at the concerned meeting, provided any decision of a National Executive Committee shall, excepting for decisions of the National Council, over ride and prevail over any decision to the contrary of any other organ or Unit of the Party.

2. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Party shall at each level maintain a physical record of all its activities, meetings and decisions. These records shall be stored and maintained at the head office of each level. In addition, copies of all this record shall also be maintained in the electronic database maintained by the Party at the National level.

3. Record maintained by the Party in accordance with Article VII(2) shall be available for inspection by any Member in accordance with the rules for inspection framed by the National Executive Committee.

4. All voting/elections in the Party shall be through a secret ballot, including but not limited to voting through electronic interphases (which shall be considered as a vote at a meeting), the specifics of which process shall be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time.

5. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary herein,

(a) Any Active Member is free to nominate and or contest for the role of an office bearer of the Party, excepting the Treasurer (which shall be an appointed position and not an elected one), at any level.

(b) In addition to the elected office bearers, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Constitution, the National Executive Committee may create various other categories of office bearers whose title, numeric strength and responsibilities shall be as determined and recorded in writing.

(c) The term of all office bearers for all organs of the Party, excepting advisory positions and the office of Treasurer (which shall have not time of term limits), shall be three years and no Member shall hold the same office for more than two terms, it being clarified that the period of office held pursuant to Article V(4), i.e. ad hock appointment, shall be included in calculating the three-year periods.

(d) The Party shall hold regular internal elections, which shall be held once every three years to elect its electable office bearers at all levels.

Article VIII – Party Funds and Accounts

1. The Party shall at each level/unit, except at the Primary Unit level, open one bank account and maintain separate books of accounts to record all financial transactions, including contributions, income, expenses etc. at such unit.

2. Each Executive Committee at the State or the National level shall, for each level of the Party, designate at least two Members to operate the bank accounts and one Member to keep books of account.

3. The National Executive Committee shall also appoint treasurers for each State Unit (“State Treasurer”) and the National Unit (“National Treasurer”), whose primary task shall be to ensure proper book keeping, fund raising and ensuring tax filings and compliances.

4. The Member designated to keep books at each level shall maintain all financial record, details and books of accounts in a diligent manner and with integrity and shall share all such details with the concerned State Treasurer.

5. The State Treasurer(s) shall have the overall responsibility of (i) ensuring the integrity of all financial record and books at the concerned State Unit level, (ii) shall undertake a first level of consolidation of the financials and books at such State Unit level and (iii) share all such information and record with the National Treasurer to enable the National Treasurer to consolidate the entire Party’s books and financial record at the National Unit level.

6. The National Treasurer shall have the overall responsibility of (i) ensuring the integrity of all financial record and books at an all India level, and (ii) shall undertake a consolidation of the financials and books at the National Unit level.

7. Each unit of the Party, acting through its Executive Committee, at each level shall, in accordance with the Party’s Funds Utilization Policy, can utilize the funds available in the bank account of the Party maintained at such level to further the cause of the Party. All such utilization of these Party shall be with integrity and in a manner transparent to all Members at that level and all Party Units above in hierarchy.

8. The National Executive Committee shall frame a Funds Utilisation Policy to assist the Party at each level to use the funds available with Party in its bank accounts at the respective levels. The Funds Utilisation Policy shall be finalized as soon as possible.

9. All donations and or financial contributions to the Party shall be in a manner permitted by law and shall preferably be received by cheques, electronic means, formal negotiable instruments. All donations and contributions shall be recorded in the books of the Party and shall be shared by the Party, in accordance with the prevailing transparency policy of the Party, which shall be prepared by the National Executive Committee.

10. Annual Statement of accounts should be prepared at all levels and should be submitted to the National Council after approval by the National Executive Committee.

Article IX – Party’s Constitution Amendment Procedure

1. Any amendments to the Party Constitution shall be moved by the National Executive Committee and may be made only at a meeting of the National General Council convened for the purposes of making such amendment by a resolution passed by majority of Members participating in such a vote. Typographical or such other minor corrections to the Constitution can be undertaken by majority vote of the National Council.

2. Notice of intent to propose any amendment to the Party Constitution should be given on the Party’s website at least 30 days before the scheduled meeting of National General Council. No individual notices of such a meeting shall be necessary once provided on the Party’s website.

Article X – Merger, Split and Dissolution Procedure

1. A requisition for a meeting of the National Council shall be made with thirty days advance notice to consider any proposal for merger, split or dissolution of the Party.

2. The resolution for merger, split or dissolution should be moved by the National Executive Committee, approved by more than 2/3rd of the National Executive Committee and ratified by 2/3rd of the National Council.

Article XI – Mandatory Provision under Article 29A (5) of RP Act, 1951

LIBERAL PARTY OF INDIA” shall bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India”.

Article XII – Filling Vacancies and offices

1. If for any reason, a vacancy arises for any elected office at any level of the Party, the National Executive Committee shall by passing a resolution fill the vacancy, provided an appointment under this provision shall only be for the remainder of the term of such office.

2. While every Unit of the Party, excepting the Primary Unit, shall have a President, notwithstanding any other provision in this constitution, the Party shall have no obligation to fill up any of the other party posts or offices that may be provided for herein.

Article XIII – Powers and duties of the President, Vice President, General Secretaries, secretaries and joint secretaries

The President shall, in addition to as may be specified elsewhere in this Constitution:

1. at all levels shall have substantial powers in discharging his duties as the chief executive of the Party unit;

2. at all levels shall be responsible for implementing the decisions of the Executive Committee and or the Executive Committee;

3. shall, in case of a tie, have a second/casting vote.

4. shall have the power to assign specific responsibilities to office bearers and members of any committee and to appoint any individual, not being a Member, to assist in the functioning of the Party.

Vice-President(s) shall, in addition to as may be specified elsewhere in this Constitution:

1. shall at all levels assist the President and the senior most Vice-President will discharge the responsibilities of the President in his absence.

2. in addition, each Vice-President may be allocated such other tasks and responsibilities as the Concerned Executive Committee may deem appropriate from time to time.

General Secretary shall, in addition to as may be specified elsewhere in this Constitution:

1. primary task of a General Secretary will be to convene meetings of the Party and the respective levels from time to time, keep record of such meetings, upload information on the Parties intra net and perform other secretarial functions.

2. in addition, each General Secretary may be allocated such other tasks and responsibilities as the Concerned Executive Committee may deem appropriate from time to time.

Secretary shall, in addition to as may be specified elsewhere in this Constitution:

1. primary task shall be to assist a General Secretary in his/her tasks.

2. in addition, each Secretary may be allocated such other tasks and responsibilities as the Concerned Executive Committee may deem appropriate from time to time.

Joint Secretary shall, in addition to as may be specified elsewhere in this Constitution:

1. each joint Secretary may be allocated such tasks and responsibilities as the Concerned Executive Committee may deem appropriate from time to time.

The “Concerned President”, the “Concerned Electoral College” and the “Concerned Executive Committee”, shall, in order of hierarchy (unless otherwise specified, be in decreasing order) be the President, the Electoral College or the Executive Committee, as the case may be, at:

(i) the National level,

(ii) a State level,

(iii) a Parliamentary Constituency level,

(iv) an Assembly Constituency level,

(v) a Local Body level.

Provided, where there is any conflict between the decisions/directions of Presidents or Executive Committees at different levels, the decision/directions of the President or Executive Committee, as the case may be, higher in the hierarchy shall prevail.

Article XIV – Electoral Authority

1. An autonomous Electoral Authority shall be constituted by the National Executive Committee.

2. The eligibility criteria to be a member of the Electoral Authority and the term of the members and/or office bearers of the Electoral Authority shall be decided by the National Executive Committee.

3. The Electoral Authority shall:

a. conduct internal Party elections at all levels of the Party;

b. conduct primary elections for selecting Party candidates for elective office;

c. conduct elections to fill any vacancies that arise at any level of the Party;

d. conduct a recall election if warranted;

4. If there is a dispute over an election at any level, an appeal shall lie to the existing National Grievances Committee.

Article XV – Electoral College

1. For the Primary Unit, all Members with Addresses recorded within the area of the concerned electoral booth.

2. For the Local Body Unit, all Members with Addresses recorded within the area of the concerned local body.

3. For the Assembly Constituency Unit, all office bearers of the Primary Units and Local Body Units within the area of the concerned Assembly Constituency.

4. For the Parliamentary Constituency Unit, all office bearers of the Assembly Constituency Units within the area of the concerned Parliamentary Constituency.

5. For the State Unit, all office bearers of the Parliamentary Constituency Units within the area of the concerned State.

6. For the National Unit, excepting for the National Executive Committee, all office bearers of the State Units.

7. For the National Executive Committee, all Members of the National Council.

Article XVI – Selection of Candidates

Selection of Party candidates for local, State, National legislatures and other public elective bodies shall be through a democratic process of primaries, the specifics of which may be determined by the National Executive Committee from time to time, but shall include a right to prospective candidates to make presentations and otherwise canvass their candidature.

Article XVII – Motion to Challenge and Recall

1. Members at each level shall have the right to seek recall of any elected office bearer by a 2/3rd vote at a duly convened meeting of the Electoral College at such level.

2. However, no meeting of the Electoral College to seek recall of any office bearer may be convened either without (i) specific approval of the National President or (ii) a demand from not less than 10% of the Electoral College for that level, to convene such a meeting.

Article XVIII – Gender and Social Equity

1. The Party shall follow a policy of non-discrimination on the basis of cast, religion, creed etc., and shall endeavour to ensure equitable and fair representation to women & other disadvantaged Articles of society at all levels.

2. The Party shall adopt proactive affirmative action-based approach to ensure gender and social equity.

Article XIX – Rules and Regulations

1. The National Executive Committee shall make appropriate rules and regulations for better functioning of the Party.

2. The National Executive Committee shall have the power to frame appropriate code of conduct for all Members and office bearers of the Party.

Article XX – Meetings

Various Units of the Party shall meet regularly as may be decided by the National Executive Committee from time to time. The Code of Conduct for such meetings shall be determined by the National Executive Committee and published on the Party’s website

Article XXI – Requisition / Emergency Meetings

At all levels, the President of a concerned unit of the Party (and in the case of a Primary unit, the Convener) shall have the right to convene an emergency meeting of the Electoral College to discuss and or decide on any issue that might be urgent, provided all decisions taken at such emergency meetings would need to be ratified at the next a duly convened meeting Electoral College at the concerned level. It being clarified that any failure to obtain such ratification shall nullify any such decision taken at an emergency meeting

Article XXII – Quorum

1. One-third of the total Membership of any Unit of organ/body of the Party shall constitute the quorum.

2. Attendance is also possible over video or other visual electronic means in accordance with the procedure determined by the National Executive Committee.

3. In the event the quorum specified in 1 and or 2 above is not present at any meeting, that meeting shall stand adjourned by 7 days at the same venue and time of the originally convened meeting and at such reconvened meeting the quorum shall be 20% of the relevant membership.

4. In the event the quorum is not present at such reconvened meeting, that meeting shall stand adjourned by another 7 days at the same venue and time of the originally convened meeting and at such reconvened meeting the members present, not being less than 10% of the Members or 50 Members, whichever is lower, or in the event of a national emergency declared as such by the Government of India, the Members present, shall be the quorum.

Article XXIII. Decisions and transparency

1. All decisions of any organ of the Party shall be in writing, signed off by the President at the concerned levels and shall be published on the Party’s website/intranet within 7 days of such decision.

2. Provided, for strategic reasons any such decision may not be published on the Party’s website/intranet if the National President were for reasons to be recorded in writing decide against such publication.

3. All decisions taken by any organ or official of the Party shall be in writing and such written decision shall be maintained in the files of the Party and at all normal working hours be available for inspection by any official of the Party at the place where such record is maintained.

Article XXIV. Miscellaneous

1. The Party’s website and intranet shall remain under the direct control of the National President, who shall be responsible for its functioning, operations, updates and maintenance. The National President shall be entitled to appoint one or more persons to undertake and implement the tasks in relation to the Party’s website and intranet.

2. The Party shall, within a period of five years of its registration, contest an election conducted by Election Commission of India and shall continue to do so thereafter.

3. The Party will submit its annual financial return to the Election Commission of India within 6 months of the end of each financial year and the audit of party accounts will be conducted by an auditor empaneled with the Comptroller and Auditor General of India or such other auditor as permitted by law. The fund of the Party will be used for political purpose only and the Party will abide by the instructions issued by the Election Commission of India from time to time in the maintenance of its accounts.

4. The Party shall not, in any manner, promote or instigate or participate in violence.