For a liberal and free market-oriented party that seeks to increase fairness and opportunity for the people, create a just and fair society and an empowered and confident citizenry.
I. Governance reform
1. Bureaucratic, police and judicial reform –
(i) incorporate citizen feedback in appraisals
(ii) improve training, living conditions, remuneration increase through performance-based
(iii) ability to hire experts laterally
(iv) compulsory retirement from bureaucracy at 40 years though older political appointees/on fixed term contract basis, permitted after 40 years of age
(v) fast-track judicial processes by use of smart ideas and technology (mobile courts, judicial BPOs, artificial intelligence, imposition of real costs and complete restitution to be guiding principles)
(vi) life term of judges, unless removed for poor performance
(vii) Commercial courts/arbitration to resolve large disputes in 12 months and small disputes in 6 months
2.Shift focus of the state to “quality” over “cheap”
3. Business reform and ease of doing business –
(i) sectors –
Agricultural: treat it as a normal economic sector –
home, cottage and small-scale industries, including traditional art and craft –
infrastructure development –
utilize coastlines and waterways –
housing for all –
primary health care for all –
waste management –
24/7 electricity and 24/7 drinkable water for all –
(ii) move to a compliance regime as against a licensing and approval regime
(iii) ensure a fair and speedy enforcement of contracts – impose actual costs, seek security on the grant of injunctions that increase costs for the injuncted litigant etc.
(iv) simplify taxation and reduce tax levels to enhance revenue
(v) Public tender – move to optimal quality over the current L1 (lowest price) method of awarding public contracts
4. E-governance and transparency – all administrative and judicial decisions to be reasoned
5. Environmental protection and afforestation
6. Education reform – vocational and skill-based (to improve employability)
7. Courts to refrain from hearing PILs – an alternate PIL tribunal to be established
8. Improve tax compliance and eradicate black money – a primary tool to be lower taxes and ease of compliance
9. Right to property to be restored as a fundamental right – forcible land acquisition to be compensated on basis of price after change in land use and development
10. Privatisation of public sector companies
11. Intellectual property: Patent rights protection to be limited to 3 years
II Political reform
1. Place high premium on integrity of members and in particular leaders – corruption cannot be limited to financial corruption, but all forms of unfair dealings will be prohibited
2. Al party members to have an alternate source of income unless restricted by law – this will reduce the need to make a livelihood from the political process
3. Democratic party (frequent internal elections) with empowered ground-up leadership – ensure frequent internal elections and empower party units at various levels financially
4. Transparency in electoral funding – all fundraising to be reported and published. Contributions of more than Rs. 5000 will not be accepted in cash. Quid pro quo, if any, to be disclosed on web site
5. Serious criminals barred from the party
6. No dynasty politics – new entrants permitted to operate outside the area of significant influence of existing party member
7. Refuse to recognise cast, religion or community within the electorate – avoid even discussing or taking decisions on cast and community political influences
8. Frequent training of leadership and workers – skill enhancement to enable constructive opposition and effectiveness in governance
1. Affirmative action to replace reservation – primacy on merit
2. Enhance right to self-defence – allow open gun licensing
3. Decriminalise, permit and regulate prostitution
4. Decriminalise gay sex, adultery and bigamy
5. Implement a uniform civil code – equal treatment for men and women
6. Women to be encouraged to join armed forces and police – target 30% women
7. Focus on reviving and strengthening constructive Indian tradition and culture,
8. Secure and protect the freedom to eat, drink, wear clothes, live, express oneself, etc. – limited only by law and not by sensibilities of others
IV. Structural reform (these will need constitutional amendments)
1. Directly elected prime minister/president (same for chief minister/governor)
2. Lok Sabha and State Vidhan Sabhas to have 50% seats on proportional representation and 50% on present election format
3. Smaller states
4. Federal structure
5. Local authorities
6. Constitutional review
(1)- FOR PROMOTING MODERN SCIENTIFIC MINDSET:-
(i)- The LPI believes that in this age of modern science & technology (which has revolutionized the world for the better, during the last about 500 years) the free mind is necessary which is possible only by coming out of the coercion of the traditional two (religion and coercive apparatus of State). For this free mind, secularism & democracy (where coercive power of the State is under people’s representatives) are necessary.
(ii)- Progress of science & technology should not be stopped hence with the coming of inevitable unprecedented advance inefficiency (due to Artificial-Intelligence, Thinking-Machines, Robotics, etc) very few people shall be able to produce enough for entire mankind hence all the human beings of working age would not get traditional/conventional employment and new economic activists would be introduced (including in space and on other planets) but many may remain unemployed/underemployed and their economic freedom (without which democracy has no meaning) shall have to be protected by the State. Hence the LPI shall work for socio-economic-political policies by keeping this ‘new horizon for mankind’ in view.
(2)- The LPI shall work for demanding that in place of veto to 5 nations, in new UN the voting power should be given to all member countries commensurate with their contribution of men (especially martial), money, and material (especially military) and the record about human rights of member countries. The LPI shall also work for India assuming the leadership of SAARC where every member country (including Pakistan) may rest assured that they shall get justice under the leadership of India and where SAARC may ultimately adopt the political model of ‘United States of South Asia’.
(3)- Because China annexed Tibet by force in 1949 hence the LPI shall work for achieving “Independent-secular-democratic-Tibet” (ISDT) and for persuading ISDT to become another member of the “Federation of secular democratic SAARC” which will also solve all the border problems of India with China.
(4)- The LPI believes that due to unprecedented advances in modern science & technology, especially in Information Technology, the highly desirable globalization is unavoidable. Moreover without global currency globalization is impossible. Hence the LPI shall work for global currency (with proper asset back-up) with its Central Bank at the United Nations and its branches in all the member countries of the UN.
(5)- The LPI believes that ‘Human-rights-friendly-Socialism’ is joint-capitalism where like private-capital the Sovereign / State-capital is also deployed profitably especially in the service of the human rights of the people including for removing unemployment. Does the LPI also believe that if the Ministers can’t run government-owned businesses/industries efficiently then how shall they run the country? Obviously, the LPI shall oppose disinvestment in the public sector and dilution of the public sector in any way.
(6)- The LPI believes in Federalism where all civilian subjects (including natural resources) shall be with States and only martial subjects like defense, foreign affairs, currency, communication, national transports, etc shall be with the Central / Federal government. Even railways shall be National and State.
(7)- No country can progress or even survive without rule-of-law. If justice is not delivered at moderate cost & promptly by Courts then rule-of-law has no meaning. Hence the LPI shall work for ensuring that:-
(i)- High Courts shall check every file which comes to it from subordinate Courts (District and Lower Courts in appeal, revision writ, etc) whether any presiding officer has granted adjournments unnecessarily with commensurate punishment to erring presiding officers of subordinate Courts.
(ii)- Along with a full-fledged legal library the government lodging and boarding facilities at nominal charge should be provided at all the seats of appellate Courts (under supervision of Bar Council of States and of India) for advocates coming from lower Courts so that cases in appellate Courts can be contested at a much lesser cost.
(i)- Two-third of India is fully or partly dependent on farm income and farmers were committing suicide in hundreds of thousand due to non-remunerative prices of farm produce hence presently they are agitating for mainly the ‘Legally Enforceable Minimum Support Price’ (LEMSP) of presently 23 items (which farmers are demanding to increase to about 40 items including for fruits, vegetable, dairy products, etc). Huge State-capital shall be required by the Government of India (GoI) to build infrastructure (like outlets, mandis, godowns, cold storages, transport facilities, etc) for procuring most of these 40 MSP items because despite laws for MSP the private players shall not purchase these items at MSP (as despite ‘Minimum Wages Act’ the private contractors pay less than minimum wage and get signatures on a minimum wage of the poor laborers). The same shall be the fate of poor farmers also (because average landholding in India is merely less than 2 Hectares)
(ii)- This huge state capital can easily come if GoI recovers the State-capital (Income tax) of Rs about 1,000 Lakh Crore (Trillion) from about one million fake farmers, as mentioned at https://english.newsnationtv.com/article/121125-news-nation-disclosure-on-blackmoney-kharabpati-farmers-take-agriculture-route-t.html and https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Prominent-people-hiding-taxable-income-Jaitley/articleshow/51408323.cms. Hence the LPI shall work for immediate recovery of this huge amount of Rs 1,000 Lakh crore of Income-tax which shall be deployed:-
(A)- To solve the problem of livelihood of the overwhelming majority of India through LEMSP and the said ‘Comprehensive Public Distribution System’ (CPDS).
(B)- For financing ‘Modified Employees State Insurance’ (MESI, having an adequate network of dispensaries, hospitals, etc all across India) in which contributions shall be given by all employees (in organized & unorganized sectors of entire India who are not covered by any other medical insurance) and their employers and government and shall be managed by the representatives of employees, employers and government. How much this MESI is the need of the hour has been highlighted sufficiently during the Corona pandemic, especially during its second wave.
( C)- For constructing residential and commercial buildings (in such residential areas) all over India which shall be given on rent to be decided by ‘Statutory Rent Commission’. This shall not only solve the problem of housing due to increased mobility in the growing service economy but shall also go a long way in urgently solving the problem of unemployment in India. The LPI believes that providing land for business & industries is the responsibility of the government and private entities should not be expected to negotiate with farmers etc to acquire land for this purpose. Hence the LPI will work for developing government-owned & maintained business and industrial areas all across India.
(9)- Small landholding has also denied the benefit of labor laws to farm laborers, the poorest of the poor. Hence the LPI shall work for larger landholding (where corporations shall not be allowed to own agricultural land) which shall facilitate labor laws in the farm sector too. The LPI will also work for bankruptcy laws and hire & fire policy in industries with a rider that in case of fresh employment in such industries the retrenched employees will be given preference.
(10)- The LPI shall work for the forfeiture of the public debts of the governments of India and of States which are beyond the consolidated funds of these governments in violation of Article 292 & 293 of the Constitution and which have been incurred by taking excuse of unconstitutional ‘Fiscal Responsibility & Budget Management Act’ (FRBMA)
(11)- All the economically developed countries (USA, China, Russia, UK, Germany, France, Japan, etc) work in their native languages. Hindi and its variants (Punjabi, Gujrati, Marathi, Bengali, etc) are spoken/understood by two-thirds of India. Even Urdu (being already used in Pakistan and now even Afghanistan is trying to use it) uses the syntax of Hindi. Hence unless India works in its native language Hindi in Devanagari script as its working language it can’t progress hence the LPI shall work for making Hindi the working language (which shall ultimately create the biggest market in the world of the people with one language). The South Indian States (which also use Sanskrit in Devanagari script in their main religion, Hinduism) shall be free to decide which language they want to work with. Only one district in any Hindi speaking State should be kept where Hindi shall be used within a year or two in all the fields (including science-technology, allopathic medicine, etc) and then the rest of that State and the rest of India (except maybe South) can start working in Hindi within a period of 4-5 years and even less.
(12)- The LPI believes in inner-party democracy hence all the office bearers of the LPI shall be elected by the members of the LPI (directly at the lowest level) and indirectly (through their representatives) at higher levels. Moreover, every member of the LPI shall be required to sign at least once a month in the register kept at the lowest level (village/ward) office of the LPI and to give a subscription of Rs 10 per month. Otherwise, his / her membership shall be terminated. A list of members shall be maintained by the District office of the LPI.
(13)- For strengthening democracy the LPI shall work for election by voting in person and hand counting of votes without machines. It is a matter of common knowledge that elected representatives are likely to work for those who finance their elections. Hence elected representatives shall work for the party only when the party shall finance their elections hence the LPI shall finance the elections of its candidates. The LPI shall also work for the amendment in-laws about the funding of political parties including transparent funding. In order to eliminate the dominance of vulgar money power in the political process of India, the LPI shall work to ensure that corporations are not allowed by law to give contributions to political parties. The legal persons (corporations / limited companies etc) are invoked only when natural persons are not available and when natural parsons (the shareholders of the limited companies who are the real owners of the limited companies) are there to contribute out of their dividends or otherwise then there is no legitimate reason why corporations should be allowed to give funds to political parties and to their candidates.
(14)- In order to avoid double taxation, the LPI shall work for the elimination of Corporate tax (because dividend tax is already there) and for converting ‘Income Tax’ into ‘Consumption Tax’ where only profit minus investment in recognized sectors shall be taxed.
(15)- Nothing has damaged the financial sector more than the Banking practice in India too. In the name of public money, the unbridled usurers (interest-earners) are given objectionable favors (like bail-outs regarding NPAs, etc). Hence the LPI shall work for converting the fixed deposits in banks into ‘Bank shares’ and their holders should be made responsible (for the profit / allowed interest and loss) as equity shareholders are in limited companies.
(16)- The LPI shall work for its belief that there should be free education to all up to the 12th standard. For higher education in colleges & universities (including in technical & professional) if someone needs then government recoverable loan on easy terms should be given
(17)- There shall be no ‘Territorial office bearer’ of the LPI (Like Chairmen / Presidents at village/ward, Tehsil / Taluka, District, Division, State, and National Level) without Party office and Party flag & banner on it.
(18)- Every member of the LPI shall be entitled to get a copy (preferably through print-out from the Website of the LPI) after giving prescribed fees within a time-bound period – of the minutes of meetings at any level, list of members anywhere in India and the annual return of the audited financial accounts of the LPI.
(19)- SECULARISM IN RELATION TO MUSLIMS:-
The LPI believes that it is not merely the responsibility of the religious majority community to protect secularism in India but of the religious minority community too. Hence the LPI does not approve of the way the religious majority community has diluted secularism by acts of commission and the way the religious minority community the Muslims have through acts of omission. Therefore the LPI shall support if the Muslims move the courts with the following 5 petitions/writ petitions in the Supreme Court of India (SCI):-
(i)- For complete justice under Article 142 of the Constitution for reviewing the final judgment in Ayodhya dispute and for legally expected restoration of Status-quo-ante of Babri Masjid which was demolished in 1992 in the presence of the Observer of SCI before any final judgment in Ayodhya title suit (because otherwise, it shall be lowering the authority of court which is criminal contempt even on the part of SCI under section 2 ( c) (i) read with section 16 of Contempt of Court Act). In this petition, prayers should also be made that the SCI should direct the GoI to be ready to requisition ‘UN Peace Keeping Force’ (UNPKF) in case communal Hindutva forces create law & order problems all across the country (if security forces of India can go in other countries for maintaining peace through UNPKF then security forces of other countries can also come in India for maintaining peace through UNPKF). In this petition, it should also be mentioned that there was such a practice in the old days so the Hindus also demolished many temples of Jains and Buddhists but about the demolition of Hindu temples by the then Muslim invaders and rulers, Hindus are unnecessarily complaining.
(ii)- Under Article 13 & 14 of the Constitution for quashing of discriminatory (especially against Muslims) all Reservation laws which, in the name of backward castes, is giving reservations to also those castes of Hindus which once ruled in India
(iii)- Under Article 13 & 14 of the Constitution for abolishing (because discriminatory against Muslims etc and favoring Hinduism in a secular India) all the laws related to cow protection, beef-eating, etc which are causing lynching of Muslims and even of so-called ‘Dalits’ in India.
(iv)- Regarding fixing the responsibility under sections 129, 130, 131 Cr.P.C. and punishment to executive magistrates and armed forces (who failed in promptly stopping riots Delhi 1984 & Gujarat 2002) so that any future riot (God forbid but if any) can be stopped promptly and effectively.
(v)- Under Article 13 & 14 of the Constitution for getting the entire process of discriminatory NRC in Assam dropped/quashed because (a)- NRC is made only for Assam (and not for entire India) which harasses mostly so-called infiltrators in Assam but not so, for so-called infiltrators in rest of India (b)- NRC is made under unconstitutional Assam Accord 1985 (which discriminately grants citizenship rights to illegal migrants up-to 1971 in only Assam and not in other State). Hence the constitutional validity of the Assam Accord has been challenged in SCI therefore before deciding this issue it is unconstitutional on the part of SCI to ask for the preparation of NRC in Assam (because if Assam Accord is struck down by SCI then NRC shall become illegal and meaningless) ( c)- NRC is being made with religious discrimination because millions of Hindus are illegal immigrants in all over India from Bangladesh and Pakistan but India is harassing mostly Muslim illegal immigrants in Assam [Government of India (out of communal discrimination) has already passed in Loksabha the ‘Citizenship Amendment Act’ where except Muslims all others, the Hindus, shall be granted citizenship who came illegally from Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc]
(20)- SECULARISM IN GENERAL:-
(i)- The LPI shall support writ petition in the SCI for plebiscite in united J&K [by getting united J&K free from outsiders as mandated by 1947 Instrument of Accession (IoA) of J&K to India the relevant part of which reads as -[Consistently with their (GoI) policy that, in the case of any State where the issue of Accession has been the subject of dispute, the question of Accession Should be decided in accordance with the wishes of the people of the State, it is my Government’s wish that, as soon as law and order have been restored in Kashmir, and her soil cleared of the invader, the question of the State’s accession should be settled by a reference to the people. Yours Sincerely Sd/- Mountbatten of Burma].
(ii)- The LPI shall support writ petition in the SCI for ‘dual-citizenship’ for about 80 million (about 20 % of the present population of Pakistan and Bangladesh) forcibly displaced and descendants of such forcibly displaced Hindus / Sikhs (there was no provision of population transfer in ‘Indian Independence Act 1947’). The SCI should further direct the GoI to ensure through UN (because India as a member of the UN since 1945) or otherwise the proper law & order in present Pakistan & Bangladesh for these Hindus (Punjabis, Bengalis, and Sindhis) who shall go over there (after dual-citizenship) in their motherland as their citizens either for living over there or for touring or for doing business over there or for purchasing properties over there (similarly dual-citizenship’ for Muslims forcibly displaced from India).
[The SCI should be told that this illegal forced population transfer has thoroughly communalized the Indian subcontinent (also due to the fact that about 20% Hindu population was forced out from each of Pakistan & Bangladesh but Muslim population remained same rather increased little to about 15% in India and even more if illegal immigrants mainly from Bangladesh are taken into consideration). This illegal forced population transfer was the main cause of many military conflicts in this region in the past and shall be for many more in future if not reversed, through dual-citizenship].
(21)- The LPI shall work for the plebiscite in Balochistan too (whose IoA was taken in 1948 by Pakistan under military pressure despite a contrary resolution by Parliament / Jirga of Balochistan).
(22)- The LPI believes in freedom of religion where every adult is free to even convert to any religion. The LPI shall work for repealing all the laws which question conversion by giving absurd objections of coercion, allurement, conspiracy, etc. The LPI shall also work for starting a practice of submitting ‘optional affidavits’ with Tehsil / Taluka or District Executive Magistrate stating that he/she has converted from a particular region to another particular religion by his / her free will and this ‘optional affidavit’ will be enough and such conversion will not be questioned in any court or elsewhere.
(23)- In view of the overcrowding in towns/cities/metros, the LPI shall work for ‘mandatory town-planning norms’ so that adequate public utilities & facilities can be ensured.
(24)- In ‘Rajtantra’ the State runs the people and in ‘Prajatantra’ the people run the State hence the morale of the people has to be higher than that of the State in democracy. There is nothing wrong with giving reservations to people who believe that otherwise, they can’t get a job in government. But the LPI believes that the reservation should not be given with demoralizing (hence anti-democracy) tag of oppressed (Dalit etc), and Backwards.
(25)- In the present age more and more women are going out of the home for education, service, business, profession, etc and merely the police can’t protect them everywhere. Moreover, as the saying goes “when guns are outlawed then only outlaws have the guns”. Hence the LPI shall work for the fundamental ‘right to guns’ with non-lethal Tranquilizing bullets so that the shot-offender (by-non lethal bullet) can be handed over to the police for further legal proceedings.
(26)- The Indo-China border dispute is legal (including the Tibet issue) unlike the dispute with Pakistan, which is political. Hence it can easily be resolved by the ‘UN Judicial Commission’ which China can’t refuse to be a permanent member of the UN. If China opposes it through veto etc then India should persuade the USA & other permanent members to dissolve the UN and launch another world body (in the interest of ‘liberal Western democracy’ against ‘authoritarian Chinese democracy’). Hence the LPI shall work for referring Indo-China border dispute to ‘UN – Judicial Commission’
(27)- The LPI believes that a limit needs to be put on interest income. Hence either through bank interest or through decree/order of any court or by any other way, interest should not be more than 4 % per annum. Moreover in no case more than double the loaned sum (principal amount) should be payable if interest is accumulated over any period of time.